Evolution vs Creationism
Some days ago there was a very interesting debate between the leading creation apologist and bestselling Christian author Ken Ham which was joined at the Creation Museum by Emmy Award-winning science educator and CEO of the Planetary Society Bill Nye to discuss Evolution vs. Creation.
The survey also found disagreement across political and religious lines. Among white evangelical Protestants, 64% say that humans have existed in their present form since the beginning of time. The survey found that half of black Protestants responded the same way. Whereas 78% of white mainline Protestants say that humans and other living things have evolved over time. Seventy-six percent of the religiously unaffiliated, 68% of white non-Hispanic Catholics and 53% of Hispanic Catholics agreed with evolution. Republicans are less likely to say humans evolved compared to Democrats or independents, Less than half of conservatives or 43% agreed with evolution compared to 67% of liberals and 65% of independents.
- Animals reproduce and have offspring, but they do not reproduce exact copies. For instance, children may look like their parents, but not exactly, there is a variation due to several genetic factors.
- These differences between close generations (e.g. parents and their children) tend to be small, but also unpredictable in the near term, lets see an example: lets suppose that a random child is taller than average or has an extra finger, that child is not taller or extra-fingered because his/her parents needed to reach high things or play extra piano keys. So in a "shorter-term" there is no big evolution between parents and offspring, there is a random variation, rather than being a direct response to the environment. Those variations come from random differences in genes.
- In a lot of situations animals often have more offspring than the environment can support and animals that are BEST SUITED to the environment tend to have more likelihood to survive and reproduce. For instance, if there is a drought and there is not enough water, offspring that need less water or that are slightly smaller and so can get in faster to get more water will tend to survive and reproduce. What we are seeing with this example is a process of natural selection which preserves some changes (genetic code) between generations in a non-random way.
It's Evolution, baby!
When speaking about "Do the Evolution", vocalist Eddie Vedder stated:
"That song is all about someone who's drunk with technology, who thinks they're the controlling living being on this planet. It's another one I'm not singing as myself."
Pearl Jam has stated that the novel Ishmael influenced the writing of Yield (album where this song is taken), and according to the novel's writer, Daniel Quinn, this song comes the closest to expressing the ideas of the book. Vedder stated:
"This Daniel Quinn book, Ishmael...I've never recommended a book before, but I would actually, in an interview, recommend it to everyone....But this book, it's kind of the book of my ... My whole year has been kind of with these thoughts in mind. And on an evolutionary level, that man has been on this planet for 3 million years, so that you have this number line that goes like this [hands wide apart]. And that we're about to celebrate the year 2000, which is this [holds hands less than one inch apart]. So here's this number line; here's what we know and celebrate. This book is a conversation with a man and an ape. And the ape really has it all together. He kinda knows the differences between him and the man, and points out how slight they are, and it creates an easy analogy for what man has done, thinking that they were the end-all. That man is the end-all thing on this earth. That the earth was around even so much longer before the 3 million years. Fifty million years of sharks and all these living things. Then man comes out of the muck, and 3 million years later he's standing, and now he's controlling everything and killing it. Just in the last hundred! Which is just a speck on this line. So what are we doin' here? This is just a good reminder...And I'm anxious to see what happens. You know, I've got a good seat for whatever happens next. It'll be interesting."
Essentially, this song is about the human evolution when thousands of years ago when humans became more than 'just an animal' and did not need to live by the fundamental rules of ecology. Some scholars defend that the human race is jealous, greedy, and war-prone by nature. Some defend that living outside of our ecosystem's rules has being destroying the planet, expanded our population to breaking point and may very well prove to be our extinction... not so good news for evolution-defenders!
If you are interested in reading a bit more about "our" story and "our" evolution I suggest that you read a previous post, click on the link below:
- Climate change? Wars? Our nature. Our story. (more food for thought)
- USAToday: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2013/12/30/pew-research-human-evolution-survey/4258083/
- Reddit: http://www.reddit.com/
- Image: http://andmag.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/evolution.jpeg
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
- Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/